Learning Standards: The College and Career Readiness Standards
The College and Career Readiness Standards are a tool that is useful for every tutor and instructor of adult basic education students, regardless of whether the student is a very basic learner, someone working towards high school completion or a GED, or someone who is an English Language Learner. These standards help you assess a student’s current skill level, as well as the next step as a student’s skill progress. It will help you target your instruction more effectively so that the student will progress more rapidly.
The College and Career Readiness Standards are exactly that—standards to help students move towards college, professional certification, or a career so that the student can have a livable wage job. But these standards are still an effective tool for instruction, even if your student is retired and does not plan to enter the workforce.
The standards are organized around different “anchors” or targeted skill sets, and different anchors work together and complement each other. Tutors/Instructors should aim to incorporate each of the anchors into their instruction over a period of time, although certain anchors will be emphasized to a greater extent.
Each anchor in the language arts standards (including all the standards for reading, speaking, and listening) shows a left to right progression. So, for example, if your student is currently at the “B” level of competency on Anchor 1 of the Reading Standards, your lessons should focus on developing the student’s skills indicated in the “C”, “D”, and “E” levels of competency.
Learning Standards are a tutor’s friend! KACE staff will work with tutors in order to use the standards most effectively.
Below is a brief summary of the standards. Just click on the link at the end of each section to look at the standards.
Reading Foundations: Reading Foundations emphasizes the earlier, fundamental skills of reading, such as learning to decode words. They are the skills most emphasized for low level readers or English Language Learners. Learning standards specifically for English Language Learners are being developed; in the meantime the Reading Foundations standards and the Language standards (see below) are useful tools. CCRS Reading Foundational Skills K-5
Reading: Reading: Whereas the Reading Foundations standards emphasizes fundamental “nuts and bolts” of reading, the Reading Standards highlight the progression of skills needed to comprehend various types of material, for example, starting with grasping the main idea of a passage and progressing to understanding figurative and symbolic language, facts vs. opinion, etc. They can be used in tandem with the Reading Foundations standards: As a student improves his or her ability to decode words and sentences, he or she will also be improving with your help the ability to improve comprehension skills. CCRS Reading Standards
Language Standards: These standards are useful for building both speaking and writing skills, but also work in tandem with reading skills. They emphasize standard principles of grammar and syntax. But they also provide a tool to help students refine their choice of words or sentence structure in order to communicate in a style appropriate for the specific need. CCRS Language (Grammar) Strand
Speaking and Listening Foundations: Think about all the speaking and listening skills required to communicate in a job or in a college setting. Someone must learn to work together effectively with others by listening to colleagues and respectively communicating one’s point of view. In many jobs and certainly in a college setting, individuals must be able to make presentations and comprehend information presented in visual charts or presentations. The anchors in this set of standards target a set of “soft-skills” that employers have identified as sorely lacking in many modern employees. CCRS Speaking & Listening Standards
Writing: We’ve all had to write letters to resolve a problem with a landlord, credit card company, or some other business. And we all know how good writing skills can help us advance in our careers. This is an opportunity to help our students build those skills so that they can get better jobs, be successful in life, or manage a variety of challenges in everyday life. CCRS Writing Standards
Mathematics Standards: The mathematical standards are set up differently from the language arts standards, and differently from what we may remember from our own time in school. These standards are based on a fundamental principle of numeracy: that all elements of math skills are taught at every level. For example, From the beginning students are introduced to concepts that we normally think of as advanced, such as geometry and algebra. Each successive level circles back to re-emphasize and expand on concepts we often think as beginning level, such as number systems. This interweaving of materials helps students move more rapidly into complex thinking. CCRS Math Skills